‘King’s Counsel’ titles may violate rules on misleading ads, experts caution

The head of Ontario’s legal regulator declined the government’s offer of a King’s Counsel designation due to the lack of selection criteria, she told the Star, as experts warn that using the title may violate professional conduct rules for lawyers.

Had Law Society of Ontario treasurer Jacqueline Horvat accepted the KC offer, she would have “risked giving credibility to a suspect government initiative,” said University of Ottawa law professor Amy Salyzyn, who specializes in legal ethics.


This page requires Javascript.

Javascript is required for you to be able to read premium content. Please enable it in your browser settings.

kAm%96 k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]E96DE2C]4@>^?6HD^8E2^a_ab^_f^_`^>62?:?8=6DD\A2EC@?286\7@C5\8@G6C?>6?E\BF:6E=J\3C:?8D\324<\DA64:2=\E:E=6\7@C\=2HJ6CD\2?5\8:G6D\:E\E@\2\=@E\@7\E@CJ\=@J2=:DED]9E>=Qmu@C5 8@G6C?>6?E 92D 366? DE2C:?8 5@H? 2 A2EC@?286 D42?52=k^2m 7@C C6G:G:?8 E96 DA64:2= E:E=6 7@C =2HJ6CD =2DE >@?E9 2?5 92?5:?8 :E @FE E@ ?F>6C@FD %@CJ A@=:E:4:2?D[ DE2776CD 2?5 =@J2=:DED] }@ AF3=:4 42== 7@C ?@>:?2E:@?D[ D6=64E:@? 4C:E6C:2[ @C :?7@C>2E:@? 23@FE E96 2AA@:?E>6?E AC@46DD H2D >256 AF3=:4 AC:@C E@ E96 2??@F?46>6?E E92E h` =2HJ6CD 925 C646:G65 E96 56D:8?2E:@?]k^Am
k5:G 4=2DDlQ25{236=(C2AA6C|2?F2= G:D:3=6\>5 G:D:3=6\=8 :?pCE:4=6{6256C3@2C5 25$:K:?86256C3@2C5 9:556?\AC:?EQm
p#%xrt r~%x&t$ qt{~(
k5:G 4=2DDlQE?E\25D\4@?E2:?6C E6IE\46?E6C Q m
k5:G :5lQ2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\=6256C3@2C5\aQ 4=2DDlQE?E\25D 57A\25Q 52E2\=2KJlQECF6Q 52E2\C67C6D9lQECF6Q m
kD4C:AEm
8@@8=6E28]4>5]AFD9W7F?4E:@?WX L
8@@8=6E28]5:DA=2JWV2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\=6256C3@2C5\aVXj

NXj
k^D4C:AEm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ25236=(C2AA6C&t$ qt{~(
k5:G 4=2DDlQE?E\25D\4@?E2:?6C E6IE\46?E6C Q m
k5:G :5lQ2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\`Q 4=2DDlQE?E\25D 57A\25Q 52E2\=2KJlQECF6Q 52E2\C67C6D9lQECF6Q m
kD4C:AEm
8@@8=6E28]4>5]AFD9W7F?4E:@?WX L
8@@8=6E28]5:DA=2JWV2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\`VXj

NXj
k^D4C:AEm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gm

kAm%96 E:E=6 42CC:6D ?@ DA64:2= AC:G:=686D 2D:56 7C@> 2==@H:?8 =2HJ6CD E@ AFE E96 :?:E:2=D “zr” ?6IE E@ E96:C ?2>6 2?5 H62C D:=< C@36D E@ 4@FCE]k^Am

kAmw@H6G6C[ BF6DE:@?D 92G6 366? C2:D65 23@FE H96E96C C646?E C64:A:6?ED H@F=5 36 😕 3C6249 @7 E96 2H $@4:6EJ’D CF=6D @7 AC@76DD:@?2= 4@?5F4E 2C@F?5 25G6CE:D:?8[ D9@F=5 E96J 564:56 E@ >2C<6E E96>D6=G6D 2D 2 zr]k^Am

kAm%9@D6 CF=6D 42FE:@? 282:?DE >2C<6E:?8 2H2C5D[ C2?<:?8D 2?5 E9:C5\A2CEJ 6?5@CD6>6?ED E92E 4@F=5 36 >:D=625:?8 E@ E96 AF3=:4[ :?4=F5:?8 E9@D6 E92E “5@ ?@E 86?F:?6=J C67=64E E96 A6C7@C>2?46 @7 E96 =2HJ6C 2?5 E96 BF2=:EJ @7 D6CG:46D AC@G:565 3J E96 =2HJ6C 3FE 2AA62C E@ 5@ D@[” 2?5 “2C6 ?@E E96 C6DF=E @7 2 C62D@?23=6 6G2=F2E:G6 AC@46DD]”k^Am

kAmu@C>6C 24z6?K:6 E@=5 E96 $E2C E92E E96 C646?E 32E49 @7 zr C64:A:6?ED[ “H:E9 2 76H 6I46AE:@?D[” 4@F=5 72:= E@ >66E E92E 4C:E6C:2] w6 D2:5 :E 😀 “6G:56?E” E92E E96 =:DE @7 C64:A:6?ED H2D =2C86=J 32D65 @? A2CEJ =@J2=EJ 2?5 ?@E >6C:E[ 2?5 96 2=D@ A@:?E65 E@ E96 =24< @7 2 AF3=:4 2AA@:?E>6?E AC@46DD]k^Amk5:G :5lV>28?:E6@FEDEC62>V DEJ=6lV=:?6\96:89Ei _AIVmk^5:Gm

kAm“x 6IA64E :E H@F=5 36 5:77:4F=E 7@C >@DE C64:A:6?ED @7 E96D6 zrD E@ 56>@?DEC2E6 E92E 25G6CE:D:?8 E96 9@?@FC 😀 4@>A=:2?E H:E9 E96 2H $@4:6EJ CF=6D[” 96 HC@E6 😕 2? 6>2:=]k^Amk5:G :5lQE?4>D\C68:@?\2CE:4=60:?DE@CJ0E@AQ 4=2DDlQE?4>D\C68:@? 9:556?\AC:?E EDpCE:4=6#68:@?Qmk5:G :5lQE?4>D\3=@4<\ag_eehaQ 4=2DDlQE?4>D\3=@4< E?E\92D\3=@4<\38QmkD64E:@? :5lQ3=@4<\ag_eehaQ 4=2DDlQ3=@4< 6>A92D:D\9b E?E\?@\>2C8:?\3@EE@>Q mk5:G 4=2DDlQ4=62C7:IQm

k5:G 4=2DDlQ3=@4<\E:E=6 E:E=6\ag_eeha Qm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ3=@4<\E:E=6\:??6CQm
k9bm

*@F >:89E 36 :?E6C6DE65 😕

k^9bm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gmk5:G 4=2DDlQ4FDE@>\42C5\=:7E:8?:E6C 42C5\8C:5 Qm
k5:G :5lQ=@25:?8s:G\ag_eehaQ 4=2DDlQ=@25:?8xQm k: 4=2DDlQ72D E?E\DA:??6C E?E\DA:?Qmk^:m k^5:Gm
k5:G 52E2\7:==65lQ72=D6Q 4=2DDlQDE@CJ!24< A24<ab 42C5\:>8\>5 C68:@?\38Qm
k2CE:4=6 :5lQ42C5\DF>>2CJ\LLFF:5NNQ 4=2DDlQE?E\2DD6E\EJA6\LLEJA6NN A24<$E@CJ` E6>A=2E6 =6EE6C3@I\DEJ=6\H9:E6 E?E\D64E:@?\_Qm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\4@?E2:?6CQm

k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\:>286Qm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ>65:2\AC6G:6H\LLFF:5NN >65:2\AC6G:6H LLEJA6NN\2DD6E Q 52E2\2DA64ElQ`i`Qmk7:8FC6 4=2DDlQA9@E@ =2J@FE\LL@C:6?E2E:@?NN =6EE6C3@I\DEJ=6\H9:E6Qm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ:>286Q
52E2\E@88=6lQ>@52=Q

52E2\E2C86ElQ]>@52=\LLFF:5NNQ
m

k2 9C67lQLLFC=NNQ 4=2DDlQE?E\2DD6E\=:?<Q 2C:2\=236=lQLLE:E=6NNQm


k:>8
DC4lQ52E2i:>286^A?8j32D6ec[:’q~#H_zv8@pppp$&9t&8pppptppppqrp”pppr`wpHrppppr_=t”‘#ca>$&9t&8pppp”ppppsrp”pppp6^(+pppptt=t”‘#ca>$&9t&8pppptppppqrp”pppr`wpHrppppr_=t”‘#ca>|g&Hgpp9_q%+F5bqHppppp$&’~#zdr*xxlQ
2=ElQLLE:E=6NNQ
4=2DDlQ:>8\C6DA@?D:G6 =2KJ=@25 7F== H9:E6Q
H:5E9lQQ
96:89ElQQ
52E2\D:K6DlQ2FE@Q
52E2\DC4D6ElQ52E2i:>286^A?8j32D6ec[:’q~#H_zv8@pppp}$&9t&8pppp”ppppsrp”pppp6^(+}pppptt=t”‘#ca>|g&ggpq@H*spqpI”!=EEdKBpppppqy#&dtC<y888llQ ^m
k^2m

k^5:Gm

k^7:8FC6mk^5:Gm
k^5:Gm

k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\3@5JQm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\=236=DQm

k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\=236=\7=28DQm
kDA2? 4=2DDlQE?E\7=28 =236= =236=\7=28\LLEJA6NNQmLLEJA6NNk^DA2?m
k^5:Gm

k^5:Gm

k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\9625=:?6Qmk9b 4=2DDlQE?E\9625=:?6 Qm

k2 9C67lQLLFC=NNQ 4=2DDlQE?E\2DD6E\=:?<Q 2C:2\=236=lQLLE:E=6NNQm

LLE:E=6NNk^2mk^9bmk^5:Gm
k5:G 4=2DDlQ42C5\>6E2Qm
kF= 4=2DDlQ=:DE\:?=:?6 Qmk=: 4=2DDlQ42C5\52E6Qm
kE:>6 52E6E:>6lQ_Q 4=2DDlQE?E\52E6 2DD6E\52E6 E6IE\>FE65 @=5\2DD6EQm
kDA2? 4=2DDlQ:4@?\H2C?:?8\FA52E65Qmk^DA2?ms64 b`[ `hehk^E:>6mk^=:mk=: 4=2DDlQ42C5\4@>>6?E\4@F?EQmk2 9C67lQLLFC=NNR4@>>6?EDQ 4=2DDlQ4>Qm
k5:G 4=2DDlQG:27@FC2Q DEJ=6lQ5:DA=2Ji:?=:?6Qm

kDA2? 4=2DDlQDC\@?=JQmr@>>6?EDk^DA2?m
k^5:Gm
k^2mk^=:mk^F=m

k^5:Gm

k^5:Gm
k^5:Gm
k^2CE:4=6mk^5:Gmk^5:Gmk^D64E:@?mk^5:Gmk^5:Gm

k5:G 4=2DDlQG:27@FC2 G:27@FC2\6?8286>6?E\DE2CE6CQm
kG7\4@?G6CD2E:@?\DE2CE6C
E2C86ElQQ
G7\4@?E2:?6C\:5lQ7`f2h`d3\hh3b\c766\32f2\3g24b_f7bab3Q
E:E=6lQw2G6 J@FC D2J]Q
56D4C:AE:@?lQ{62G6 p r@>>6?E p?5 %6== &D (92E *@F %9:?<]Qm
k^G7\4@?G6CD2E:@?\DE2CE6Cm
k^5:Gm

kDEJ=6m
]G:27@FC2\6?8286>6?E\DE2CE6C L >2C8:?\3@EE@>i `eAIj N
]G7\4@?G6CD2E:@?\DE2CE6C0025 L 7=6I\32D:Dib__AIj N
k^DEJ=6m

kAm“%96 AC24E:46 D9@F=5 ;FDE DE@A ?@H[” |24z6?K:6 D2:5] “xE D9@F=5 C6>2:? 5625 2?5 3FC:65] xE 😀 >:D=625:?8 E@ E96 AF3=:4]”k^Am

kAm%96 ~?E2C:@ 8@G6C?>6?E DE@AA65 92?5:?8 @FE E96 E:E=6 😕 `hgd — H96? :E H2D <?@H? 2D “F66?’D r@F?D6= — F?56C E96 ?6H=J\7@C>65 {:36C2= 8@G6C?>6?E @7 s2G:5 !6E6CD@?[ H9@ D2:5 E96 56D:8?2E:@? 925 364@>6 “4@CCFAE65]”k^Am
k5:G 4=2DDlQ25236=(C2AA6C&t$ qt{~(
k5:G 4=2DDlQE?E\25D\4@?E2:?6C E6IE\46?E6C Q m
k5:G :5lQ2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\aQ 4=2DDlQE?E\25D 57A\25Q 52E2\=2KJlQECF6Q 52E2\C67C6D9lQECF6Q m
kD4C:AEm
8@@8=6E28]4>5]AFD9W7F?4E:@?WX L
8@@8=6E28]5:DA=2JWV2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\aVXj

NXj
k^D4C:AEm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gm

kAmpEE@C?6J v6?6C2= s@F8 s@H?6J 564:565 E@ C6G:G6 E96 E:E=6 =2DE >@?E9 E@ >2C< z:?8 r92C=6D’D 4@C@?2E:@? 2?5 C64@8?:K6 =2HJ6CD 7@C =682= 6I46==6?46 2?5 D6CG:46 E@ E96:C 4@>>F?:E:6D] w:D @77:46 D2:5 96 962C5 “7C@> >2?J :?5:G:5F2=D 2?5 DE2<69@=56CD 😕 E96 ~?E2C:@ =682= 4@>>F?:EJ” 23@FE 3C:?8:?8 E96 56D:8?2E:@? 324<[ 2?5 E92E E96C6 H:== 36 2 AF3=:4 2AA=:42E:@? AC@46DD 8@:?8 7@CH2C5]k^Am

kAm$6G6C2= >2;@C =682= @C82?:K2E:@?D — :?4=F5:?8 E96 {2H $@4:6EJ — E@=5 E96 $E2C E96J H6C6 ?@E 4@?DF=E65]k^Am

kAm“w2G:?8 6DE23=:D965 4C:E6C:2 7@C 9@?@C2C:F>D 2?5 56D:8?2E:@?D 7@C AC@76DD:@?2=D 😀 2 36DE AC24E:46 E92E DFAA@CED E96 AF3=:4 F?56CDE2?5:?8 @7 2 4C656?E:2=[” D2:5 w@CG2E[ H9@ D6CG6D 2D E96 6=64E65 9625 @7 E96 {2H $@4:6EJ’D 3@2C5 @7 5:C64E@CD[ 😕 2 DE2E6>6?E E@ E96 $E2C]k^Am

kAm“x 564=:?65 E9:D 56D:8?2E:@? 32D65 AC:>2C:=J @? 4@?D:56C2E:@?D 2C@F?5 E96 =24< @7 6DE23=:D965 4C:E6C:2 7@C E96 56D:8?2E:@? 2?5 E96 23D6?46 @7 2 4@?DF=E2E:@? AC@46DD @? E96 ?665 E@ C6DFCC64E DF49 2 4C656?E:2=]”k^Am

kAm%96 {2H $@4:6EJ 😀 >2?52E65 E@ C68F=2E6 E96 =682= AC@76DD:@? 😕 E96 AF3=:4 :?E6C6DE] xED 5FE:6D :?4=F56 >2?28:?8 E96 32C 6I2>[ :DDF:?8 =:46?46D 2?5 5:D4:A=:?:?8 =2HJ6CD 2?5 A2C2=682=D 7@C AC@76DD:@?2= >:D4@?5F4E]k^Am

kAm$2=JKJ? D2:5 :E H2D 3@E9 F?56CDE2?523=6 2?5 “ACF56?E” @7 w@CG2E ?@E E@ 2446AE E96 E:E=6]k^Am

kAm“%9:D 56D:8?2E:@? 😀 D2:5 E@ 36 C64@8?:K:?8 ‘=682= 6I46==6?46[’ 3FE H:E9@FE 6DE23=:D965 4C:E6C:2 2?5 2? :?56A6?56?E 6G2=F2E:@? AC@46DD[ :E C:D<D 36:?8 2H2C565 @? 8C@F?5D @E96C E92? =682= 6I46==6?46 2?5[ :?5665[ 😕 E9:D :?DE2?46 2AA62CD E@ 92G6 366? A@=:E:4:K65[” D96 HC@E6 😕 2? 6>2:=]k^Am
k5:G 4=2DDlQ25236=(C2AA6C&t$ qt{~(
k5:G 4=2DDlQE?E\25D\4@?E2:?6C E6IE\46?E6C Q m
k5:G :5lQ2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\bQ 4=2DDlQE?E\25D 57A\25Q 52E2\=2KJlQECF6Q 52E2\C67C6D9lQECF6Q m
kD4C:AEm
8@@8=6E28]4>5]AFD9W7F?4E:@?WX L
8@@8=6E28]5:DA=2JWV2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\bVXj

NXj
k^D4C:AEm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gm

kAm%H@ @7 E96 F=C@?6J[ H9@ 925 @?=J 6G6C 96=5 2 =2H =:46?46 7C@> 6H *@C<[ H2D 23=6 E@ 3JA2DD 2== {2H $@4:6EJ =:46?D:?8 C6BF:C6>6?ED 2D 2 7@C>6C 2EE@C?6J 86?6C2= @7 ~?E2C:@[ E92?<D E@ 2? 2>6?5>6?E >256 E@ E96 q2CC:DE6CD p4E 3J E96 u@C5 8@G6C?>6?E 😕 a_a`] %96 k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]E96DE2C]4@>^?6HD^8E2^a_ab^_f^_f^>@C6\E92?\2\5@K6?\<:?8D\4@F?D6=\=2HJ6CD\5@?2E65\E@\@?E2C:@\2EE@C?6J\86?6C2=\5@F8\5@H?6J]9E>=Qm$E2C 2=D@ 7@F?5 E92E >@C6 E92? 2 5@K6? zr C64:A:6?ED 5@?2E65k^2m E@ s@H?6J’D 42>A2:8? @C C:5:?8 2DD@4:2E:@?]k^Am

kAm!C6>:6C s@F8 u@C5 — H9@D6 =@?8\E:>6 =2HJ6C C646:G65 2 zr — 92D k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]E96DE2C]4@>^A@=:E:4D^AC@G:?4:2=^a_ab^_f^“^:\5:5?E\D66\2\=:DE\5@F8\7@C5\5:DE2?46D\9:>D6=7\7C@>\<:?8D\4@F?D6=\4@?EC@G6CDJ]9E>=QmEC:65 E@ 5:DE2?46 9:>D6=7 7C@> E96 4@?EC@G6CDJk^2m 3J E6==:?8 C6A@CE6CD =2DE H66< E92E 96 5:5?’E D66 @C 2AAC@G6 E96 =:DE @7 C64:A:6?ED]k^Am

kAm%96 {2H $@4:6EJ C67FD65 E@ 2?DH6C E96 $E2C’D BF6DE:@?D 2D E@ H96E96C :E 925 2?J 4@?46C?D E92E >2C<6E:?8 E96 56D:8?2E:@? >:89E G:@=2E6 E96 CF=6D @? >:D=625:?8 25G6CE:D:?8]k^Am

kAm“xE 😀 ?@E 4=62C E@ >6 H96E96C =2HJ6CD 42?[ H96? >2C<6E:?8 E96>D6=G6D[ C676C E@ 2 zr 2H2C565 F?56C E9:D @A2BF6 2?5 D66>:?8=J A@=:E:4:K65 AC@46DD 2?5 2=H2JD DE:== 36 😕 4@>A=:2?46 H:E9 E96D6 CF=6D[” $2=JKJ? D2:5]k^Am

kAmp?@E96C 7@C>6C EC62DFC6C[ %9@>2D r@?H2J[ 2C8F65 😕 2? 6>2:= E@ E96 $E2C E92E “:E H@F=5 36 2 C62= DEC6E49” E@ D2J E9:D H@F=5 G:@=2E6 E96 CF=6D]k^Am

kAm“v:G6? E96 4@?EC@G6CD:2= 9:DE@CJ @7 E9:D EC25:E:@? 😕 ~?E2C:@[ x 2> ?@E E96 =62DE 3:E DFCAC:D65 E92E E96 2??@F?46>6?ED 92G6 366? 4@?EC@G6CD:2=[” 96 HC@E6] “xE’D E@@ 325[ :E H2D 2? @AA@CEF?:EJ E@ 3C:?8 D@>6 =FDEC6 324< E@ 2? @=5 EC25:E:@?[ 3FE x’> 27C2:5 E96 8@G6C?>6?E C62==J 3=6H E9:D @?6]”k^Am
k5:G 4=2DDlQ25236=(C2AA6C&t$ qt~(
k5:G 4=2DDlQE?E\25D\4@?E2:?6C E6IE\46?E6C Q m
k5:G :5lQ2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\dQ 4=2DDlQE?E\25D 57A\25Q 52E2\=2KJlQECF6Q 52E2\C67C6D9lQECF6Q m
kD4C:AEm
8@@8=6E28]4>5]AFD9W7F?4E:@?WX L
8@@8=6E28]5:DA=2JWV2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\dVXj

NXj
k^D4C:AEm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gm

kAmkDEC@?8m‘x 5:5?’E D66 2 =:DE’k^DEC@?8mk^Am

kAmpD E96 8@G6C?>6?E 4@?E:?F6D E@ 7246 A2EC@?286 244FD2E:@?D[ u@C5 E@=5 C6A@CE6CD =2DE H66< E92E 96 5:5?’E D66 @C 2AAC@G6 2?J =:DE @7 C64:A:6?ED[ H9:=6 6IAC6DD:?8 4@?7:56?46 😕 s@H?6J]k^Am

kAm%96 h` C64:A:6?ED C646:G65 E96:C zr E9C@F89 k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]@?E2C:@]42^@C56CD\:?\4@F?4:=^@4\hg_a_abQm2? @C56C\:?\4@F?4:= 52E65 yF?6 ahk^2m] %9@D6 5@4F>6?ED 2C6 C@FE:?6=J 2AAC@G65 3J 423:?6E 2?5 364@>6 @77:4:2= H:E9 E96 D:8?2EFC6 @7 E96 =:6FE6?2?E\8@G6C?@C] %96 @C56C\:?\4@F?4:= 2AA@:?E:?8 zrD 2=D@ :?4=F56D E96 D:8?2EFC6D @7 s@H?6J 2?5 492:C @7 423:?6E ‘:4 u656=:]k^Am
k5:G 4=2DDlQ2CE:4=6#6=2E65$:3=:?8D DF3D4C:36C\9:56 E?E\92D\3=@4<\38Qm
k5:G 4=2DDlQC6=2E65w6256CQm#6=2E65 $E@C:6Dk^5:Gm

k5:G 4=2DDlQC6=2E65xE6> 42C5\9625=:?6Qm
k9b 4=2DDlQE?E\9625=:?6Qm
k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]E96DE2C]4@>^?6HD^8E2^a_ab^_f^`b^8E2\;F586\H9@\4:E65\4@G:5\`h\>:D:?7@C>2E:@?\>2J\92G6\>256\DF3DE2?E:2=\=682=\6CC@CD\2AA62=\;F586]9E>=Q E2C86ElQ03=2?<Q C6=lQ?@@A6?6CQm
v%p ;F586 H9@ 4:E65 r~’xs\`h >:D:?7@C>2E:@? >2J 92G6 >256 URga`ejDF3DE2?E:2=URga`fj =682= 6CC@CDi pAA62= ;F586
k^2m
k^9bm
k^5:Gm

k5:G 4=2DDlQC6=2E65xE6> 42C5\9625=:?6Qm
k9b 4=2DDlQE?E\9625=:?6Qm
k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]E96DE2C]4@>^A@=:E:4D^AC@G:?4:2=^a_ab^_f^`b^?@\E92?<D\7@C5\8@G6C?>6?E\@?=J\@776C65\<:?8D\4@F?D6=\E:E=6\E@\E@CJ\6I\2EE@C?6JD\86?6C2=]9E>=Q E2C86ElQ03=2?<Q C6=lQ?@@A6?6CQm
URga`ej@ E92?<DURga`fji u@C5 8@G6C?>6?E @?=J @776C65 z:?8URga`fjD r@F?D6= E:E=6 E@ %@CJ 6I\2EE@C?6JD 86?6C2=
k^2m
k^9bm
k^5:Gm

k5:G 4=2DDlQC6=2E65xE6> 42C5\9625=:?6Qm
k9b 4=2DDlQE?E\9625=:?6Qm
k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^HHH]E96DE2C]4@>^A@=:E:4D^AC@G:?4:2=^a_ab^_f^“^:\5:5?E\D66\2\=:DE\5@F8\7@C5\5:DE2?46D\9:>D6=7\7C@>\<:?8D\4@F?D6=\4@?EC@G6CDJ]9E>=Q E2C86ElQ03=2?<Q C6=lQ?@@A6?6CQm
URga`ejx 5:5?URga`fjE D66 2 =:DEURga`fji s@F8 u@C5 5:DE2?46D 9:>D6=7 7C@> z:?8URga`fjD r@F?D6= 4@?EC@G6CDJ
k^2m
k^9bm
k^5:Gm

k^5:Gm

kAmu@C5’D @77:46 C67FD65 E@ D2J H96E96C 96 H2D 2E E96 423:?6E E23=6 H96? E92E @C56C\:?\4@F?4:= H2D 2AAC@G65[ H96? 96 7:CDE =62C?65 E96 56D:8?2E:@? H2D 36:?8 C6G:G65[ H96E96C 96 2D<65 7@C 2?J@?6 E@ 36 :?4=F565 @? E96 =:DE @C H2D 4@?DF=E65 23@FE 2?J C64:A:6?ED] p DA@<6DA6CD@? D:>A=J C6:E6C2E65 “E9:D :D?’E 2 AC:@C:EJ 7@C 9:>]”k^Am

kAm~C56CD\:?\4@F?4:= 4@G6C 2 H:56 C2?86 @7 :DDF6D[ 2?5 8:G6? E96 =2C86 G@=F>6 @7 E96> 2E 423:?6E >66E:?8D[ :E’D =@8:42= E@ 2DDF>6 E92E D@>6 2C6 2AAC@G65 H:E9 =:EE=6 @C ?@ 5:D4FDD:@?[ H9:=6 @E96CD 2C6 D6A2C2E65 7@C >@C6 42C67F= 56=:36C2E:@?[ D2:5 A@=:E:42= D4:6?46 AC@76DD@C y@?2E92? |2==@J[ 492:C 😕 r2?25:2? A2C=:2>6?E2CJ 56>@4C24J 2E r2C=6E@? &?:G6CD:EJ]k^Am

kAm“xE 😀 4=62C E92E E96 2AA2C6?E D:=6?46 @7 E96 AC6>:6C’D @77:46 DF886DED E92E E96 AC6>:6C 😀 5:DE2?4:?8 9:>D6=7 7C@> H92E 92D 364@>6 2 4@?E6?E:@FD 2?5 A@=:E:42==J 6>32CC2DD:?8 :DDF6[” |2==@J D2:5]k^Am

kAm“|J :?E6CAC6E2E:@? 😀 E92E E9:D H2D ?@E 6IA64E65 E@ EFC? :?E@ DF49 2 4@?E6?E:@FD :DDF6[ 2?5 D@ :E H2D ?@E C6G:6H65[ 5:D4FDD65[ 2?5 2AAC@G65 H:E9 DF77:4:6?E 2EE6?E:@? E@ E96 A@E6?E:2= A@=:E:42= 72==@FE]”k^Am
k5:G 4=2DDlQ25236=(C2AA6C&t$ qt~(
k5:G 4=2DDlQE?E\25D\4@?E2:?6C E6IE\46?E6C Q m
k5:G :5lQ2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\eQ 4=2DDlQE?E\25D 57A\25Q 52E2\=2KJlQECF6Q 52E2\C67C6D9lQECF6Q m
kD4C:AEm
8@@8=6E28]4>5]AFD9W7F?4E:@?WX L
8@@8=6E28]5:DA=2JWV2CE:4=6\:?DE@CJ\eVXj

NXj
k^D4C:AEm
k^5:Gm
k^5:Gmk^5:Gm

kAms! {6256C |2C:E $E:=6D D2:5 😕 2 DE2E6>6?E u@C5 H2D A2DD:?8 E96 3F4<] “t:E96C 96 5@6D?’E <?@H H92E’D 8@:?8 @? 😕 9:D @H? 423:?6E[ @C 96’D 5:C64E=J @C :?5:C64E=J 8:G6? 9:D 3=6DD:?8 E@ E9:D C6EFC? E@ 2 A2EC@?286[ A2J\E@\A=2J 4F=EFC6 2E “F66?’D !2C<[” D96 D2:5]k^Am

kAmx?E6C:> {:36C2= {6256C y@9? uC2D6C D2:5 ?@E9:?8 😀 2AAC@G65 3J 423:?6E H:E9@FE E96 <?@H=6586 @7 E96 !C6>:6C’D @77:46]k^Am

kAm“%96 !C6>:6C 42?’E ‘2HH D9F4<D 7@=<D x 5:5?’E <?@H’ @FE @7 E9:D @?6[” uC2D6C D2:5 😕 2 DE2E6>6?E]k^Am

kAmkDA2? 4=2DDlQ6?5?@E604@?EC:3Qmy24BF6D v2==2?E 😀 2 %@C@?E@\32D65 C6A@CE6C 4@G6C:?8 4@FCED[ ;FDE:46 2?5 =682= 2772:CD 7@C E96 $E2C] u@==@H 9:> @? %H:EE6Ci k2 9C67lQ9EEADi^^EH:EE6C]4@>^y24BF6Dv2==2?EQmoy24BF6Dv2==2?Ek^2mk^DA2?mk^Am

link